|Association pour la Recherche et le Développement des Méthodes et Processus Industriels – Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris|
|Coordinator, Partner 1|
|WP1 & WP3 Coordinator|
ARMINES is a non-profit making organisation funded in 1967 and created in accordance with the French Act of 1901. The relationship of ARMINES with the engineering and management schools is governed by agreements, notably the Ecoles des Mines network under the supervision of the Ministry of Industry (Paris, Douai, Alès, Saint-Etienne, Nantes and Albi-Carmaux). ARMINES also brings together the laboratories of the Ecole Polytechnique, the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Techniques Avancées (ENSTA), the Ecole Navale and the Ecole des Ponts et Chaussées. ARMINES was the first partnership research structure created in France. In line with the nature of partnership research, the operational unit is the joint research centre managed jointly by ARMINES and its partner engineering schools where each provides personnel, investment and operating resources according to the volume of contractual activity. With a turnover of €35 million (2005), ARMINES is the leading French Research and Technology Organisation (RTO).
In this project, ARMINES deploys its Direction of European Affairs and 3 Research Centres:
The Direction of European Affairs (DAE) acts as the Administrative, Financial and Legal Manager. ARMINES has been taking part in major European research programmes for over 15 years and set up a special European Affairs Unit in 1993 to support researchers involved in such programmes. With 6 permanent employees (2006) dedicated to the administrative, financial and legal support, the European Affairs Direction of ARMINES currently manages 19 European projects as Coordinator and is involved in 91 other projects as a partner. A specific web platform was developed in-house to manage these consortia in 2004 available at www.armines-euromanagement.fr.
ARMINES is member of the European Industrial Research Management Association (EIRMA), the European Association of Research and Technology Organisations (EARTO) and the European Association of Research Managers and Administrators (EARMA). Since 2007 ARMINES is also member of the FP7 National Contact Point dedicated to the administrative, financial and legal issues for France.
The Material Centre
The Microstructure-Interface-Ceramics group at the Material Centre (MIC-CDM-ARMINES) has been working on SOFC for 12 years, and more recently on PCFC and Hydrogen membrane through industrial contracts with GDF, Schneider Electric, Rhodia, ADEME and academic cooperations with the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, the Pacific Norhtwest National Lab, GeorgiaTech, the Italian National Council of Research and the Bulgarian Academy of Science (IEES). Its expertise in the SOFC/PCFC field ranges from forming (tape-casting), to sintering and characterizing (in particular via TEM, or electrical measurements). Many students have been working in the group on related topics, at a master level or PhD level. At the present moment, 2 master students are working in the team (respectively on the synthesis and sintering of a reforming membrane and on modelling by finite element of the mechanical behaviour of a PCFC single cell during the end of the sintering heat treatment), 4 PhD students (respectively on a reforming and hydrogen separation membrane, on powder synthesis and forming by tape-casting of PCFC, on the multiphysics modelling of PCFC electrodes and on the multiphysics modelling of SOFC glass seals) and a post-doc (on a nanodiamond based-reforming membrane). The group hosts the new generation TEM (Tecnai F20 ST).
The Material Centre's participation in the IDEAL-Cell project, in addition to the scientific management, consists in:
The Centre for Energy and Processes
The research in the Laboratory of Colloidal Systems in Industrial Processes at the Centre for Energy and Processes (LSCPI-CEP-ARMINES) mainly focuses on the aqueous precipitation of nanometric or submicrometric oxides and hydroxides using batch reactors or autoclaves. A chemical approach on the elaboration of fuel cell materials may allow an improvement on the control of particle characteristics (size, morphology, chemical homogeneity, microstructure and sintering temperature), which have an effect on the performance of the final product in terms of proton or oxide ion conductivity and densification. Studies on PCFC have been done cooperatively between LSCPI, CDM and CMM since 2004, notably through a PhD thesis on hydrogen separation membranes using proton conducting perovskites and an ANR (Research national agency – France) project on intermediate temperature proton conductor fuel cells.
The participation of the LSCPI to the IDEAL-Cell project consists in the chemical synthesis of:
Our work methodology aims at the identification of the main precipitation parameters, on the comprehension of nucleation, growth and agglomeration mechanisms and on the effect of the precipitation conditions on the precipitate characteristics and properties.
The chemical synthesis of BaCe1-x-yYxSmyO3-δ may be an innovative approach in the production of mixed conductors (proton and oxide ion) that seems to be interesting to examine during this project.
The Centre for Mathematical Morphology
This centre is at the origin of the now well established Image Processing and Mathematical Morphology Techniques. The Physics of Heterogeneous Media group develops tools in image analysis and in probabilistic models of the physical behavior of materials. The research work performed in the framework of over 30 PhDs under industrial contracts involves many collaborations in France and in foreign countries (the group leader D. Jeulin was elected President of the International Society for Stereology for 2004-2007; he cooperates with many Universities like Mc Gill (Canada), Georgia Tech (USA), Technion (Israël), Monash (Australia), Aarhus (Denmark)). Many studies are made in relationship with CNRS (Materials Program). The work of this group in the field of homogenization is widely developed in the animation of various Working Groups (“Probabilistic approach in mechanics of heterogeneous materials (MECAMAT), “Probabilistic approaches in Mechanics (CNRS Federation of Mechanics and Materials in Ile-de-France), and by the organization of sessions in congresses (like “Modeling the behavior of heterogeneous and random materials” (over 80 contributions) in “Matériaux 2002” (Tours, France). A one week international course “Physics and Mechanics of Random Media” is organized by Prof. D. Jeulin in Paris School of Mines since 2002.
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